Enhancing Skating Learning
hosted by
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization

Biomechanics of Sports

       Biomechanics applies the laws of mechanics and physics to sports performance. The combination of the two fields allows scientists to gain a greater understanding of how athletes perform through modeling, simulation and measurement. It is essential to have a good understanding of the sport to apply specific physical principles - motion, resistance, momentum and friction to how to improve their performance.

      The goal of Biomechanics is to understand the mechanical cause and effect relationships that determine the motions of living organisms. In relation to sport, Biomechanics provides an explanation and predicts the mechanical aspects of exercise for fitness, recreation or sports.

Enhancing Sport Instructional Technique
       Biomechanics is the study of the effects of forces on a sport performance. Using laws and principles grounded in physics that apply to human movement, athletes and coaches can make sound decisions to develop efficient sport techniques.

       Sports Biomechanics combines Biomechanics and Kinesiology into a unified field of science that applies the laws of mechanics and physics to human performance.  A greater understanding of perform- ance in athletic events is achieved through modeling, simulation, and measurement. It is necessary to have a good understanding of physical principles such as motion, resistance, momentum, and friction that are applied to most sporting events.

      The emphasis of Sports Biomechanics is on the broad biomechanical spectrum of human performance including, but not limited to, technique, skill acquisition, training, strength and conditioning, exercise, coaching, teaching, equipment, modeling and simulation, measurement, and injury prevention and rehabilitation.

       The communication of knowledge between scientists, coaches, clinicians, teachers, and participants contributes to the improvement of human performance and to reduce the incidence of injury in practices and competitions.

       When coaches understand how forces work in sports and how athletes can leverage these forces, they have a clear advantage over those who lack these tools. Coaches with a command of both mental training tools and sports training principles can make amazing things happen on the field.

       Biomechanics and kinesiology, areas of study about human movement, can help coaches:

  • Analyze sport movements
  • Identify and faithfully execute the best training exercises
  • Reduce or prevent the likelihood of injuries occurring
  • Choose equipment that is appropriately sized for the athlete
    • Choose the athletic shoe that fits properly and provides the necessary support and flexibility as required for the specific sport
    • Choose the boot and blades that properly fit and support the skater or skier; replace prior to equipment degradation/failure
  • Maximize economy and efficiency of body movements
       The following links discuss concepts and ways to improve a coach's instructional training techniques -
Recommended Reading List:

Role of Physics in Skating

Principles of Sports Training

Developing Course Materials


Basic Concepts in Sports Biomechanics  Examples include, but are limited to, Fundamentals of Sports Biomechanics, The Mechanics of Athletics, Scientific Principles of Coaching, Biomechanic Analysis.

PDF Biomechanics of Sports  Issues and examples presented in the QUEST Biomechanics of Sports video. Students are able to expand their knowledge about and the study of physical sports.

Texas Woman's Biomechanics Programs - TWU Kinesiology -    Dec. 13, 2011 ... TWU Biomechanics Lab is looking for skilled ballet dancers for a research study. Welcome to the Texas Woman's University Biomechanics Program Home!

Book Biomechanics in Sport: Performance Enhancement   Covers topics in the science of Biomechanics. Discusses the forces acting on the athlete during training and competition. It underpins the development of effective technique.


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Principles of Sports Training:
Principles of Training Athletes
Developing Skill for Figure Skating
Acquiring Sports Skills
Amount of Time to Acquire Sports Skills
Biomechanics of Sports
The Balanced Principle
Sports Skills  & Mechanical Techniques
Physical Fitness & Preparedness
Individual Differences
The Overload Principle in Training
Recovering From Training
Principle of Reversibility
Principle of Specificity
Transference of Knowledge & Skills
Training Variation
Psychomotor Domain
Objectives of Psychomotor

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

Athlete Concerns     Collection of Related Ideas    Skating Articles    Related Topics      

Ice Skating Rink Index    Topic Index    Site Index   Home Page