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Behaviorist Psychology

Behaviorist Psychology
    
      The 
behaviorist approach emphasizes observing external behaviors of the subject. The key concepts includes conditioning, reinforcement, and punishment. The basis of behavioral psychology suggests that all behaviors are learned through associations as demonstrated by physiologist Ivan Pavlov, who proved that dogs could be conditioned to salivate when hearing the sound of a bell. This process became known as classical conditioning and has became a fundamental part of behavioral psychology.

      There are a number of different forces that can impact how quickly a behavior is acquired, the strength of that association, and how long the effect lasts. The following list describes possible scenarios:
  • Acquisition is the initial stage of learning when a response is first established and gradually  strengthens. 

  • Extinction is when the occurrences of a conditioned response decrease or disappear.

  • Spontaneous Recovery is the reappearance of the conditioned response after a rest period or period of lessened response.

  • Stimulus Generalization is the tendency for the conditioned stimulus to evoke similar responses after the response has been conditioned.

  • Discrimination is the ability to differentiate between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli that have not been paired with an unconditioned stimulus.

Psychology 101 Westmed College


Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods

Section 1: Introduction to Psychology

Section 2: Influence of Research on Psychology

Section 3: Experimental Research

Section 4: Types of Research


Chapter 2: Biopsychology

Section 1: Mind Body Connection

Section 2: Neurotransmitters

Section 3: The Brain and Nervous System


Chapter 3: Personality Development

Section 1: Introduction to Development, Personality, and Stage Theories

Section 2: Motor and Cognitive Development

Section 3: Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development

Section 4: Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development

Section 5: Freud's Structural and Topographical Model

Section 6: Freud's Ego Defense Mechanisms

Section 7: Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development


Chapter 4: Learning Theory and Behavioral Psychology

Section 1: Introduction to Learning Theory and Behavioral Psychology
Section 2: Classical and Operant Conditioning
Section 3: Reinforcement and Reinforcement Schedules

Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception

Section 1: Introduction

Section 2: Sensation

Section 3: Perception


Chapter 6: Memory, Intelligence, and States of Mind

Section 1: Introduction

Section 2: Memory and Forgetting

Section 3: Intelligence

Section 4: Relaxation and Hypnosis


Chapter 7: Motivation and Emotion

Section 1: Introduction

Section 2: Motivation

Section 3: Emotion

   

Chapter 8: Social Psychology

Section 1: Introduction to Social Psychology

Section 2: Our View of Self and Others

Section 3: Obedience and Power

Section 4: The Role of Groups


Recommended Reading:
  • Behavioral Psychology  Learn more about behavioral psychology. Find information on classical conditioning, operant conditioning and key concepts in behaviorism.
  • Cognitive Psychology focuses on the way humans process information concerning how they think, perceive, remember, and learn. 
  • The Importance of Yoga for Sports Persons   Feb. 5, 2011 Yoga is a holistic system - teaching skills which many sports persons seek, such as control over the mind, control over the body, good breathing, etc.
  • Autonomic Nervous System - NDRF   The autonomic nervous system conveys sensory impulses from the blood vessels , the heart and all of the organs in the chest, abdomen and pelvis, etc.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  All kids have worries and doubts. But some have obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD) in which their worries compel them to behave in certain ways.
References:

Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Converting Bad Habits

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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