San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Basic Rules for FiguresFSR 1.11 Carriage, flow, motion and speed: An effortless, flowing and graceful execution should be achieved. Within the limits of the following rules, complete freedom is allowed
to the skater.
1. The head should be carried in an upright position, relaxed and held naturally.B. Flow:
2. The upper body should be upright but not stiff and not bent forward or to the side at the
3. The arms should be held gracefully.
4. The hands should not be carried higher than the waist, the palms held easily, naturally and
parallel to the ice.
5. The fingers should neither be extended nor clenched.
6. The skating leg should be flexed and the knee slightly bent.
7. The free leg should be slightly bent at the knee, generally held over the tracing with the
free foot not too close to the skating foot. When the free leg is temporarily in front of the
skater its knee and ankle should be gracefully extended.
8. The free foot should be carried slightly above the ice, the toe of the skate pointing
downward and outward.
9. Exaggerated and incorrect positions must be avoided.
1. Lively and even flow should be maintained throughout.C. Motion:
1. The motion should be graceful and even, without stiffness or jerky, abrupt, flailing orD. Speed:
2. Moderate use of the arms and free foot to assist the execution of the figure is permitted,
within the range of the foregoing paragraphs.
1. The figure should be skated at a reasonable speed.
FSR 1.12 Correct tracing (Print):
A. If the original tracing is faulty, the faults should be corrected in the succeeding tracings. No marks should be awarded for sheer accuracy in superimposing succeeding tracings on a faulty tracing.
FSR 1.13 Basic regulations:
A. Circles: Long and short axes. The circle is the basis of all figures. Each figure consists of two
circles or three circles which are tangent except for a brief interruption in their continuous
tracing, due to the change of feet. The diameter of each circle should be approximately three
times the height of the skater. The radii of all of the circles and half circles of a figure should be
approximately the same length. The circles and half circles should begin and end as near as
possible to the intersection of the long and short axes. The long axis of the figure divides it
longitudinally into symmetrical halves. The short axis divides the figure into symmetrical lobes.
It forms a right angle with the long axis where the lobes join. Figures which consist of three
lobes have two short axes which divide the figure into its three lobes. Maintenance of the long
axis, the short axis and symmetry of the figure should especially be observed.
B. Change of foot: A change of foot occurs in the brief period during which the skater transfers
weight from one foot to the other. This transfer of weight is executed in a symmetrical zone on
each side of the long axis. The area of this zone must be kept to a minimum, but the precise point
at which skaters place their foot on the ice within this zone is a matter of individual choice. The
point of the initial strike is normally just after the long axis and that only at a short distance
beyond the long axis will the full weight of the body be placed on the skate, with the distinct
trace starting at this point.
C. Curves (Parts of circles): Curves should be skated with a single clean edge and uninterrupted
tracing, without wobbles or subcurves.
D. Change of edge: The change of edge occurs at the intersection of the long and short axes. It
should be continuously and symmetrically traced and should not be S shaped. The change itself
should be as short as possible, not longer than the length of the skate blade.
E. Turns: Turns should be skated with a single clean edge up to the turn, and similarly after the turn,
without skids or scrapes, double tracings or unpermitted changes of edge either before, in or after
a turn. The cusps of turns should be of equal size. The entry into and the exit from turns should
FSR 1.14 Special rules for specified figures:
A. Loops: The diameter of the circle of the loop figure should be approximately the height of the
skater. Loops should be clean cut, without scrapes or points. The entry/exit crossing of the loop
tracing, as well as the center of the loop, should lie on the long axis of the figure which divides
the loop into symmetrical halves. The distance from the center of the loop figure to the entry/exit
crossing of the loop should be about five sixths (5/6) of the diameter of the circle. The length of
the loop should be approximately one third (1/3) of the distance from the entry/exit crossing of
the loop tracing to the short axis of the figure. The width of the loop should be approximately
two thirds (2/3) of its length.
B. Threes and Brackets: These turns should be skated on a circle, the points of the turns lying
along and pointing up or down the long axis of the figure.
C. Double Threes: The points of the two threes of each double three should be directed at the
center of their circle. They should divide the circle into three equal curves. The middle curve
should be so skated that it is divided into halves by the long axis of the figure.
D. Rockers and Counters: These turns should be skated symmetrically without change of edge,
the points of the turns lying along and pointing up or down the long axis of the figure. The turns
should not be hooked or beaked.
PDF School Figures
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.