Free Skating Elements

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List of Basic Jumps

     The table below lists jumps in order of revolutions described in the USFSA Rulebook.  In this chart, jumps at the same difficulty level are listed alphabetically. 

     The term "single jump" refers the Axel and all single revolution jumps such as Salchow, Flip, Loop, Lutz, etc.

     Takeoff and Landing feet and edges are listed for Counter-Clockwise jumpers. The takeoff skating direction (forward and backward) is unchanged for CCW or CW skaters.


Basic Half Revolution Jumps
Name Difficulty Turns in air Take Off Edge or Edge + Toe Rotation
Direction
Rotation Takeoff
Direction - Forward / backward
Takeoff
Foot
Takeoff  
Edge & Foot
Landing
Edge & Foot

Landing
Direction - Forward / backward

Bunny Hop

  
1

  
0.0
Edge + Toe
   
0.5
   
Forward
  
Left
  
Flat
Toe +RFI    
Forward
  
  
Waltz
     
1
  
0.5
 
Edge

   
0.5
   
Forward
  
Left
  
LFO
  
RBO

 
Backward

Half Flip
  
1
  
0.5
Edge + Toe

   
0.5
 
Backward
  
Left
LBI + Toe    
Toe +RFI    
Forward
   
Half Lutz
 
2
  
0.5
Edge + Toe   
C
   
0.5
 
Backward
  
Left
LBO + Toe Toe +RFI    
Forward
  
Mazurka
 
2
  
0.5
Edge + Toe   
C
   
0.5
 
Backward
 
Right
RBO + Toe Toe +RFO    
Forward
  
Split
 
2
  
0.5
Edge + Toe
   
0.5
 
Backward
  
Left
LBI + Toe Toe +RFI    
Forward
Half Loop  
2
 
3.4
 
Edge

                    
   
0.75

 
Backward
 
Right
  
RBO
  
LBI
 
Backward

Basic One Rotation Jumps
Name Difficulty Turns in air Take Off Edge or Edge + Toe Rotation
Direction
Rotation Takeoff
Direction - Forward / backward
Takeoff
Foot
Takeoff  
Edge & Foot
Landing
Edge & Foot

Landing
Direction - Forward / backward

Salchow 2
1
Edge

1
Backward Left
LBI
RBO
Backward
Toe Walley  
2
 
1
Edge + Toe
  
C
 
1
  
Backward
 
Right
RBO + Toe
 
RBO
  
Backward
Flip  
3
 
1
Edge + Toe
 
1
  
Backward
  
Left
LBI + Toe  
RBO
  
Backward
Split Flip  
3
 
1
Edge + Toe
 
1
  
Backward
  
Left
LBI + Toe
 
RBO
  
Backward
Loop 3
1 Edge

1
Backward Right
RBO
RBO Backward
Split Loop  
3
 
1
 
Edge

 
1
  
Backward
 
Right
 
RBO
 
RBO
  
Backward
Walley 3
1 Edge
C
1
Backward Right
RBI
RBO Backward
Lutz  
4
 
1
Edge + Toe   
C
 
1
  
Backward
  
Left
LBI + Toe  
RBO
  
Backward
Split Lutz  
5
 
1
Edge + Toe   
C
 
1
  
Backward
  
Left
LBI + Toe
 
RBO
  
Backward
Axel 4
1.5 Edge

1.5
Forward Left
LFO
RBO Backward
One-Foot Axel  
4
 
1.5
 
Edge

 
1.25
   
Forward
  
Left
   
LFO
 
RBI
  
Backward
Inside Axel  
3
 
1.5
 
Edge

 
1.5
   
Forward
 
Right
   
RFI
 
RBO
  
Backward

References:

On and Off-ice Seminar Ideas

Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

ISU Figure Skating Judging
PDF The International Judging System (IJS) PDF   IJS Judging Criteria
ISU Technical Updates
Index of ISU Articles
Free Skating Program Requirements
Basic Jumps
Technical Jump Requirements
Cheated Jumps
Short & Long Programs
Free Skating Test Elements
ISU Judging
IJS Technical Panel
Competition Jumps
Competition Spins
Competition Spirals
Competition Step Sequences
IJS Grades of Execution
PDF  IJS Judging Criteria
PDF  IJS Presentation Guidelines
PDF 
Program Component Guidelines
PDF  IJS Handbook
PDF  ISU Communication 1593
PDF  ISU Communication 1557
PDF  ISU Communication 1548
PDF  ISU Communication 1547
PDF  ISU Communication 1540
PDF  ISU Communication 1505
PDF  ISU Communication 1504
PDF  ISU Communication 1494
PDF  ISU Communication 1476
PDF  ISU Communication 1459
PDF  ISU Communication 1445
PDF  Search for ISU communications

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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