Skating Workshops

Hosted by
San Diego Figure Skating Communications

Base Values and GOE Scores

     Planning the elements of an IJS program involves a series of steps:

     Start with the requirements and restrictions for the event prior to created the Planned Program Sheet is a list of the elements the skater plans to perform that needs to be completed and a copy sent to the registrar of the competition along with the entry form and payment. 

    Many competitions are now able to process entries electronically.

Program requirements at all qualifying events for the 2010-2011 competition season will be according to the 2010 USFS Rule Book. Any rule changes marked as “Urgent” at the May 2010 Governing Council will apply immediately.

All competitors in IJS events must submit a Planned Program Content Sheet (PPCS). Many competitions require the PPCS is to be completed online prior to a specified date. Many host clubs are assessing a $25 fee for each event for those skaters who do not submit the PPCS by the stated time. Any PPCS submitted by paper, regardless of date, may also be assessed a $25 fee.

Once the infformation has been entered, PPCS may be updated online at any time and as often as is desired without cost, but no later than the date specified in the announcement. Go to and follow the instructions to complete your PPCS. Designate the name of the competition to receive your form.

The PPCS can be changed prior to the event. The competition announcement will elaborate when and to whom the revised PPCS should be handled when arriving at the rink and checking in.

There are elements that the skater and coach have 100% confidence in the skater being able to deliver the same high quality skills in program practices and competitive performances.

The PPCS usually changes over the training season with more difficult elements being substituted as the skater develops the skills to consistently perform the individual element in practice sessions.

Each coach and skater will have their own ideas about when more difficulty elements should be added to practicing the full program from start to finish without interruptions. The are different opinions about when difficult elements should be skated in the program. Front end loading is an expression referring to situating all of the difficult jump elements before the halfway mark in the program. The thought is that the legs become fatigued and achieving the full springing force declines as the skater approaches the halfway mark. Jumps after the halfway mark receive a 10% bonus points.

Skaters who rarely or inconsistently practice their programs to the music and perform every element as planned to the coach's satisfaction does not achieve the stamina necessary to deliver a championship performance in a competition.

Running through sections of a program are part of the process of strengthening and improving parts of a program; however, this is not a substitute for daily practices of a full program skated to music with the planned elements performed as they are intended for competition with out falls interrupting the flow, choreography, and interpretation.

Develop a performance confidence baseline by recording how the essential elements of free skating, pair or free dance program is performed.  Using a PPCS, evaluate and mark the elements as they would be called, including levels, by a technical panel and by judges awarding GOEs and the five Program Component scores - Skating Skills, Transitions, Execution, Choreography, and Interpretation.

    The above PPCS information allows the skater and coach to calculate the value of the program content. Additional calculations can factor in value for element levels, estimated GOEs, and Program Components.
This data can become the basis of developing a risk analysis strategy of attempting items which are not consistently being performed at a high skill level.

Recommended Reading:



International Judging System (IJS) - Welcome to US Figure Skating
Dec. 30, 2010 ... The information on this page is intended as a general overview of the international judging system (IJS) to help you understand the basics of the new system.

technical info - Welcome to US Figure Skating
Welcome to the Technical Information portion of the U.S. Figure Skating web site. Here you learn about changes to the international judging system used at Regional, sectionals, nationals, International, world, and Olympic Championships/

ISU : Summary of ISU Judging System ISU Championships are held in accordance with the International Skating Union ( ISU) Regulations. The ISU Judging System used at all Figure Skating events.

The International Judging system ( IJS ) This information does not take into account your individual objectives, financial situation or needs. You should consider the appropriateness of this information to you situation.


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Index of IJS Articles
          Grades of Execution (GOE)
          GOE Guidelines
          Base Values & GOE Scores
PDF  Single/Pair Elements Levels of Difficulty 
Guidelines marking Single/Pair GOEs
          Calculating Base Values & GOE Scores
PDF  Changes in the Scales of Values
          GOE Spin Elements
          GOE Step Spiral Elements
Final Element Score
          Program Components
PDF  Program Component Marking Ranges
PDF  Explanation of Components
File Planned Program Content Form
PDF  Planned Program Content Form
Performance Considerations
          Performance Verses Outcome
          Summary of IJS Judging System

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

Athlete Concerns     Collection of Related Ideas    Skating Articles    Related Topics      

Ice Skating Rink Index    Topic Index    Site Index   Home Page