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An Annual Training Plan

Start by forming a weekly training plan
      The first modern use of athletes and coaches subdivided their training into various sub-periods occurred in Germany and who's athletes dominated the 1936 Olympics.

      The modern practice of periodized training was expanded and refined by Eastern block nations during the Cold War (1950-1970). Scientists involved in training athletes have not offered research studies for periodization; However, there is antidotal evidence that supports that the concept works.

      "Periodization of training" means "dividing the training up into periods". Each training period or phase is dominated by one training goal such as increase - speed, strength, and flexibility; enhance endurance; reduce effects of fatigue; achieve maximum performance.

      The phases are not totally devoted to one training mode, but the percentages of the emphasis placed on the training goals change from the beginning to the end of each competitive season.

Phases of an Annual Training Plan:
    The following generic, periodized annual training plan for multiple competitions is divided into phases with Macro and Micro cycles
          • General Preparation
          • Specific Preparation
          • Pre-competition
          • Tapering off
          • Peaking
          • First Competition of the Season
          • Tapering off
          • Peaking
          • Last Competition of the Season
          • Relaxation
          • Off-season

The ideal training plan should feature:

  • Annual Training Plan –  that periodizes the training to peak at specific events throughout the year.
  • Workout Planner – Based on the goals and information, the athlete can use use a database of workouts to schedule each day of each week of training.
  • Daily Log – Athletes record progress in a daily log that can be accessed by coaches from any computer with an Internet connection and a Web browser
References:

Annual Training Program An annual training program is necessary to maximize performance.
It is based on the concept of periodization, which divides the annual plan into training phases, and the principles of training. An annual training program is necessary to maximize performance. In principle, this means that athletes must train continually for 11 months, then reduce the amount of work during the last month. This work should vary from regular training to facilitate physiological, psychological, and CNS rest and regeneration before beginning another year of training.

The purpose of a Training Plan - Pro Water Polo The purpose of a Training Plan is to identify the work to be carried out to achieve ... when planning the annual and long term training programs for their athletes.

Intervals, Thresholds, and Long Slow Distance:
Studies involving intensification of training in already well trained athletes have ... use of high intensity interval training throughout the annual training cycle is the ..... should be integrated into the training program for optimal performance gains.

Sports Information

Sports Training

Physical and Mental Training Considerations

Developing A Training Plan

Developing A Plan for Success

Resources:
   
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
   
   
        
Sports Information
PDF  Off Ice Training Guides

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