San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Anaerobic Training -
Short, Intense Activity
What is Anaerobic Training?
In emergency situations, our body can
respond with an instantaneous burst of strength and power. The source
of this power resides in our muscles. The potential energy can be
altered through training. The ATP-PC energy system is just one of three
in our bodies. All three utilize adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as the
primary energy source. The speed, intensity, and duration of our
muscle contractions determine exactly how that ATP energy is tapped,
released and recycled.
Athletes who are involved in strength
and endurance sports train anaerobically. Activities involve two main
chains - the adenosine
triphosphate phospho- creatine (ATP-PC) and the lactic acid system.
As muscle glycogen is converted to
form ATP byproducts, there is a corresponding increase in lactate and
(acid) secretion. The build-up of hydrogen ions will ultimately prevent
further muscle contractions
at high levels. Your body can extend the ATP-PC by reducing the level
of intensity. A side effect of the lactate and
hydrogen ion production is the increase in Human Growth Hormone (HGH)
that result increasing muscle mass.
Growth Hormone (HGH) is produced by the pituitary gland,
but the levels gradually decline as we age. The hormone is critical for
children's growth and the health of the body's organs. It stimulates
the growth of muscle, bone and cartilage, and enhances immune function.
levels are increased by intense anaerobic workouts and sleep.
A nutritious diet and uninterrupted sleep are critical components that
allow the body to produce HGH and serotonin hormones. There's no
short cut! Save money and avoid HGH supplements hyped in health food
stores as they have not undergone scientific research to validate their
The effects on athletes' bodies include:
Anaerobic exercise is exercise intense enough to trigger anaerobic metabolism. It is used by athletes in non-endurance sports to promote strength, speed, and power.
Anaerobic Training Energy Systems - Sports Training Adviser Anaerobic training builds athletes' short-term energy systems.
Anaerobic Threshold (AT) is a frequently used term that sometimes causes a ... extremely reliable and powerful predictor of performance in aerobic exercise. ... The AT varies from person to person, and, within a given individual, sport to sport.
Developing A Training Plan
Physical and Mental Training Considerations
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.