The Process of Learning
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Age Appropriate Sports
Training for Young Athletes
Developmental Guidelines for Young Children
Age appropriate activities can help a child to grow and develop according to normed learning and developmental milestones. Coaches and parents can gain a better understanding of how children learn and how sport's skills will relate to their interpersonal life skills.
Coaching strategies should be based on how children learn and not on practices that traditionally have proven successful on college age athletes.
Our schools roughly define the stages of a child's academic development as below, at, or above grade level as expressed in years and months. Within each grade level, the abilities can be differentiated by their abilities and their development can be compared against the progress of students in the same grade within a district, state or national normed standardized tests.
it another way, in elementary school, they do not put children in class
together according to their grade average. There is no such thing as a
class with all “C“ level students, or grade average of a “B”, etc..
Curriculum Driven Classroom
Children who share the same
specific characteristics, with other children in their intellectual
stage of development, will be very
competitive with their classmates in physical, mental, social, and
intellectual activities. Some very acaademically oriented chirldren may
be slower to develop their social skills and jusged to be "nerds" by
The structure of a classroom
learning environment should be sequentially organized. Breaking down
complex tasks or problems into a Step-by-Step process helps all
students achieve the desired goals. The problem is that not all of the
learners will acquire the information at the same rate of speed (amount
Struggling learners require a slower pace to acquire information to avoid being overwhelmed.Those who process information at a faster pace easily become bored unless they are provided with a more challenging classroom environment.Research has demonstrated that the best method of maximizing a child's learning potential is to put them together groups that are appropriate in age, emotional maturity, social adjustment, and physical development. Students who fall outside the norm are likely to experience serious adjustment problems because they don't fit into any peer groups that exist in the class.
What types of outcomes can be expected from using specific learning techniques?
The desired outcomes derived from learning should be useful, and be structured so there is also a social and emotional balance for the athlete. The resulting learning should be integrated into games and practices.
Coaching strategies should be developed based on an understanding of individuals or team players:
2. Psychological Capacities
3. Learning style
4. Language, use of words that are age appropriate to facilitate understanding.
5. Interaction with teammates.
6. Interaction with any adults who are officials and coaches.
C-B-A Focus Model, developed Dr. Gary Russell, outlines how to optimize the learning process for children:
1. C = Concept -
a. Players must be given a clear picture of what is expected of them.2. B = Belief -
b. Players must show signs of clear thinking on the topic being learned.
c. The coach must define and clarify any mistaken beliefs.
a. What are my Feelings?3. A= Achievement - Can be a synergy - the action of two or more people to achieve an effect of which each is individually incapable.
b. Empathizing with the players.
c. Realizations of who, how and what.
It is very important that parents and coaches understand that young players can only deal with one or two suggestions for improvement at a time. Overloading their ability to comprehend and retain the information creates a very stressful and frustrating experience for anyone, but especially younger children.
It is sometimes difficult to determine if a child lacks the necessary coordination or if there is a delay in their physical development. Either are likely to result in not being good at sports. There are a combination of physical, emotional, and chemical milestones that can be indicative of a child's ability to be successful at a particular sport or activity. Coaches and parents should be aware of these milestones and use this information in guiding their children towards a positive sport experience.
The child's personality may influence if they prefer to participate in individual or team sports. Their physical height, size, and weight may determine if they are interested in contact or non-contact sports.
The drive to being a winner is resulting in an increasing number of young athletes suffering from overuse injuries. What is happening occurs at the cellular level and does not present itself like a bruise or broken bone. An MRI may be required to confirm the need for treatment.
To prevent pediatric overuse injuries requires an approved training plan for each specific sport. Such guidelines need to be displayed at the training site to educate parents and athletes. Such information also serves to remind coaches of the need to be alert to individuals who are exceeding recommended training and thus, increasing the risk for injuries occurring throughout a training and competitive season.
• Dietary demands. Eating the right balance of nutritional foods can improve athletic performance. But maintaining a healthy diet is often challenging, so many people try to fill the gap by taking multivitamins. Despite their convenience, vitamin tablets simply cannot replicate the healthy nutrients found in fruits and vegetables. The benefits of eating healthy include stronger bones and muscles, improved oxygen delivery, a more robust immune system and better ability to recover for the next workout. When it comes to keeping hydrated during play, water is usually adequate. With sustained activity that lasts 90 minutes or more, kids can benefit from replacing their electrolytes and glucose with a sports drink.
Source - Dr. Paul Stricker, is a former U.S. Olympic team physician
and a sports medicine pediatrician with Scripps Clinic.
Dr. Paul Stricker :: Youth Sports Medicine Specialist Young athletes feel more pain, no gain ... Dr. Paul Stricker is one of less than 200 doctors in the US who is board-certified in both sports ... Dr. Paul has been featured on ESPN and news programs, and has been cited in national ... children develop and what physical skills are achievable and appropriate for each age group.
PDF TOP TEN QUESTIONS - Dr. Paul Stricker required part of a sport training program at young ages, and if employed, should ... should stay away from athletic supplements and concentrate on good ....
PDF Pitfalls & Pearls of Fracture Management La Jolla, CA. “Athletic kids with fractures—a whole different ball game than adults !” This was one of the take home messages provided by Dr. Paul Stricker.
PDF Young athletes feel more pain, no gain “You're show that the real athletes kick in at age 13 or 14.” Dr. Paul Stricker, an associate professor at Children's Hospital of San Diego and physician for the ... program at Children's Heathcare of Atlanta. “Of the 15 kids I saw ... “There are more and more parents telling their kids how good they are and will hard work hard they can be great.
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.