Psychology -
Cognitive and Behaviorist Studies


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Adrenaline

Adrenaline Rush   
      The brain can release adrenaline as a subconscious response to a situation that makes you fear for your life, excitement, or the anticipation of participating in a competitive sport or artistic performance such as a concert or stage production. Adrenaline and epinephrine refer to the same naturally occurring hormone. Epinephrine is the official name for the hormone that is adrenaline. Epinephrine is the term commonly used in the USA; however, adrenaline is more frequently used term in other areas of the world.

      Sometimes we also refer to the excitement, aroused state of anticipation, feeling of exhilaration, and power experienced in highly stressful or exciting situations as an "adrenaline rush", but may not actually be a result of the release of the hormone.

      There are thrill seeking athletes who participate in X-Games events and other activities such as extreme motor racing, bungee jumping, skydiving, base jumping, or other activities that reasonable people feel are too dangerous and risk serious injury or even death for the participants.

Effect of Stress
      Highly stressful and dangerous situations trigger the production and release of adrenaline which elevates the heart rate, dilates blood vessels, and increases the glucose/oxygen levels that is responsible for the temporary feeling of being highly energized. If the hormone is frequently released, the body begins to crave more until the individual becomes addicted to the "rush".

      An adrenaline rush is the feeling and reaction that is brought on by a surge in the secretion of the stress hormone adrenaline (also called epinephrine) along with noradrenaline/norepinepherine into the blood system. These hormones, released from the adrenal glands, increases the heart rate causing more oxygen- ated blood reaching the brain which produces the "adrenaline rush" that is responsible for a temporary increase in strength, faster response times, and other feats that people are not normally able to do.

      Note: The terms norepinephrine and noradrenaline are widely used interchangeably to refer to a group of neurotransmitters classified as sympathomimetic agents that mimic the actions of the sympathetic nervous system.

Caution - Individuals who pursue the participation in activities that are
designed to trigger an adrenaline rush can become as
addictive as using
drugs to feel high. Life threatening situations can release the most
adrenaline in those who are energized by the pursuit of defying the odds.

Recommended Reading:
  • Performance Anxiety - Overcoming Performance Anxiety  That adrenaline rush you feel is normal and it is part of your body's natural response. Performance anxiety in sports, sometimes referred to as '"choking," is described as a decrease in athletic performance due to too much perceived stress. Perceived stress often increases in athletes on game day because (1) they have an audience and (2) they have extremely high expectations of their success.
  • Dealing With Adrenaline Jan. 23, 2011 ... Dealing with the chemical reaction that occur in our bodies once we are under great stress can be very difficult.
References:
  • The Importance of Yoga for Sports Persons   Feb. 5, 2011 Yoga is a holistic system - teaching skills which many sports persons seek, such as control over the mind, control over the body, good breathing, etc.
  • Autonomic Nervous System - NDRF   The autonomic nervous system conveys sensory impulses from the blood vessels , the heart and all of the organs in the chest, abdomen and pelvis, etc.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  All kids have worries and doubts. But some have obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD) in which their worries compel them to behave in certain ways.
Resources:
   
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

  
  
Modifying Skills & Poor Techniques

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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